Nicole Hassoun (Executive Director)

Nicole Hassoun is an associate professor in philosophy at Binghamton University. Her book Globalization and Global Justice: Shrinking Distance, Expanding Obligations (Cambridge University Press, 2012) was runner up for the APA book prize and her articles appear in journals like the American Philosophical Quarterly, Journal of Development Economics, The Australasian Journal of Philosophy, PLOS ONE, The European Journal of Philosophy, and Utilitas.

Sally Haslanger

Sally Haslanger is Ford Professor of Philosophy and Women's and Gender Studies at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. She specializes in metaphysics, epistemology, feminist theory, and critical race theory. Her book Resisting Reality: Social Construction and Social Critique (Oxford 2012) won the Joseph B. Gittler award for work in philosophy of the social sciences. She was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2015.

Tom Dougherty

Tom Dougherty is a University Lecturer in the Philosophy Faculty at the University of Cambridge and a Fellow of Trinity Hall. His research focuses on moral and political philosophy.

Kathryn Norlock

Kathryn J. Norlock is the Kenneth Mark Drain Chair in Ethics and Associate Professor of Philosophy at Trent University in Peterborough, Ontario, Canada. She is the President of the Society for Analytical Feminism (SAF), and past president of the Canadian Society for Women In Philosophy (CSWIP). She is a co-founder and co-editor of Feminist Philosophy Quarterly, an open-access, peer-reviewed journal.

Edouard Machery

Edouard Machery is Professor in the Department of History and Philosophy of Science at the University of Pittsburgh, the incoming Director of the Center for Philosophy of Science at the University of Pittsburgh . His research focuses on the philosophical issues raised by psychology and cognitive neuroscience. He was awarded the Chancellor’s Distinguished Research Award by the University of Pittsburgh, the Stanton Prize by the Society for Philosophy and Psychology, and holds a Regular Visiting Distinguished Professorship at Eidyn (Edinburgh).

Ned Markosian

Ned Markosian, is professor of philosophy at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst. He works primarily in metaphysics.

Carolyn Jennings

Carolyn Jennings is an assistant professor of philosophy at University of California, Merced. Recent works include: “Action without Attention” (with B. Nanay, Analysis, forthcoming), “The Standard Theory of Conscious Perception” (Proceedings of the 37th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 2015), “Consciousness without Attention” (Journal of the American Philosophical Association, 2015), “Attention and Perceptual Organization” (Philosophical Studies, 2015), “The Subject of Attention" (Synthese, 2012), and “Inductive Parsimony and the Methodological Argument” (Consciousness & Cognition, 2012).

Michael Rea

Michael Rea is Rev. John A. O’Brien Professor of Philosophy at the University of Notre Dame, and is Affiliated Faculty in the Notre Dame Gender Studies Program. His research focuses primarily on topics in metaphysics, philosophy of religion, and analytic theology.

Julie Van Camp

Julie C. Van Camp is Professor Emerita of Philosophy at California State University, Long Beach, where she taught philosophy of art, philosophy of law, and applied ethics. She is currently Executive Director & Secretary-Treasurer of the American Society for Aesthetics. She was privileged to study with Elizabeth Lane Beardsley at Temple University and inspired to encourage women to pursue philosophy by a former male colleague who told her long ago that "female philosopher is an oxymoron."

Ruth Chang

Ruth Chang is a philosopher at Rutgers University, New Brunswick. Before arriving at Rutgers, she was a Junior Research Fellow at Balliol College, Oxford where she was completing her dissertation. She has also held visiting positions in the philosophy department at the University of California, Los Angeles and the University of Chicago Law School. Before her life as a philosopher, she worked as a law associate on a (pro bono) death penalty case and several (non pro bono) product liability cases. She has a J.D. from Harvard Law School and an A.B. from Dartmouth College.

Kenneth Clatterbaugh

Kenneth C. Clatterbaugh is an American philosopher. He is Chair of the department of Philosophy at the University of Washington. His interests are modern philosophy, social philosophy, and gender studies.

Charles Mills

Charles W. Mills is John Evans Professor of Moral and Intellectual Philosophy at Northwestern University. He works in the general area of oppositional political philosophy, with a special focus on race.

Meena Krishnamurthy

Meena Krishnamurthy is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Philosophy and in the Program in Philosophy, Politics, and Economics at the University of Michigan. She works in social and political philosophy, mostly in the area of normative democratic theory.

Amia Srinivasan

Amia Srinivasan is a lecturer (assistant professor) at University College London. She works on topics in epistemology, ethics, metaphilosophy, social and political philosophy, and feminism.

Andrew Janiak

Janiak is Professor of Philosophy, Chair of the Department, and the Chair of the Bass Society of Fellows at Duke. He is a co-leader of Project Vox, an international enterprise that seeks to recover the lost voices of women in the history of modern science and philosophy.

Eric Schwitzgebel (Co-Director)

Eric Schwitzgebel is a professor of philosophy at University of California, Riverside. Recent works include: Perplexities of Consciousness (MIT Press, 2011), “A Theory of Jerks” (Aeon Magazine, 2014), and “1% Skepticism” (Nous, forthcoming). He is a member of the APA Committee on the Status and Future of the Profession. On his blog, and more recently in op-eds for The Los Angeles Times, he regularly critiques the narrowness and homogeneity of academic philosophy in the mainstream Anglophone tradition.






Sherri Conklin (Co-Director)

As a PhD student in the Department of Philosophy at UCSB, Sherri conducts research in moral worth, normative theory, and moral psychology.

Jenn Dum

Jenn Dum is a Ph.D. Student in Philosophy at Binghamton University, SUNY. Her research interests are in Social and Political Philosophy, Applied Ethics, and Philosophy of Education.

Junyi Dong

Junyi Dong is a Ph.D student at Binghamton University mathematics department.

Jean Krebs

Jean Krebs is a junior at Binghamton University double majoring in Philosophy, Politics and Law and Women, Gender, and Sexuality Studies. In the future, she will be pursuing a law degree and a Master’s in Public Health.

Mark Fortney

Mark is a PhD student at the University of Toronto. He mostly works on philosophy of mind and cognitive science.

Lia Shaked

Lia Shaked is a senior double majoring in Studio Art with a concentration in Art and Design and Psychology. She was the web designer for the Global Health Impact, and hopes to find a career in the graphic design field.

Astrid Paulsson

Astrid Paulsson does research on morally enhancing global institutions and is a senior PhD student at Charles Sturt University, former student at Centre for Applied Philosophy and Public Ethics (CAPPE) and former visiting scholar at Yale University. She wrote articles about global poverty in Green Left Weekly and has been teaching locally while finishing her PhD. Her dissertation is currently under review and the topic is Empathy and Global Justice.

Aaron Schultz

Aaron Schultz is a first year PhD student at Binghamton University in the philosophy program. He is primarily interested in Buddhist ethics, Buddhist meditation practices, and Metaethics. Before discovering his passion for philosophy, Aaron studied film and video production at Grand Valley State University. He also holds an MA in philosophy from Kent State University.

Morgan Thompson

Morgan Thompson is a PhD student in the Department of History and Philosophy of Science at the University of Pittsburgh. Her work is primarily in philosophy of science and philosophy of neuroscience. She also has research interests in the causes of underrepresentation of various groups in philosophy and potential interventions to improve philosophy's climate for members of those groups.

Eric Krebs

Eric Krebs is a junior at Xavier High School in Manhattan, NY.

Ben Bronner

Ben is a graduate student in the philosophy department at Rutgers University. He is primarily interested in normative and applied ethics.

Isaac Wilhelm

Isaac is a graduate student in the philosophy department at Rutgers University. He has a B.A. in mathematics and a B.A. in film theory from the University of Chicago, and an M.A. in philosophy from Tufts University. His research is currently focused on philosophy of science and metaphysics, though he has also worked in logic, formal epistemology, and the philosophy of language.

Faculty Methodology
Each of the schools (for Hassoun, 2015 data) was triple checked and checked at least one time by a graduate student. If there are discrepancies, we believe they may reflect faculty additions and subtractions since the time of our survey. Regretfully, not every change can be kept up with since the time of the survey. Regardless, the numbers here provided an accurate picture of the gender divisions within the field of philosophy. Please note some of the particulars of our data collection below.

Some outlier faculty positions were research faculty and teaching faculty. The department was contacted directly to confirm how to categorize things. Sometimes research faculty were assistant, associate, or full professor, sometimes not. Some non tenure-track research professors were in a special case put under lecturer to reflect their non-tenure track status. Some teaching faculty were placed under lecturer, some under assistant, associate, or full professor. Another issue came down to titles like part-time lecturer. These were confirmed to be either a regular lecturer position that is more stable than an adjunct position, or simply an adjunct position that is more contingent.

We did not count affiliated professors as philosophy professors, although we did count joint professors as professors, e.g. Professor of Philosophy and Psychology would count, but a Professor of Psychology affiliated with the Philosophy department would not count. The important consideration was whether or not they are listed along with everyone else as a faculty member in Philosophy and are not simply affiliated with the department. This is in agreement with Julie C. Van Camp based on the premise that joint faculty members usually have full decision making power within the department and serve as most other faculty do despite their teaching in other departments. The same logic applied to a philosophy professor also listed as a high level administrator like a Dean; they were counted along with the faculty. Likewise, the reason for separating out lecturers and adjuncts from tenure track professors was their exclusion from department governance.

Post-docs and graduate assistants were not counted. Nor were visiting scholars. If there was a faculty member who was listed as being a head of some research organization, or if the title was not clearly one of our categories, we individually confirmed their title. Retired faculty were not counted as emeritus faculty unless explicitly listed as such.

Finally, while we acknowledge the presence of transgender, queer, and non-traditional gendered philosophers within the field of philosophy, we have classified individuals by gender based on the name being either traditionally male or female. In the case of gender ambiguous names, we made our decision based on the self-reporting gender of the philosopher or by the gender of the pronouns used to describe the person. We welcome responses from faculty who think their gender may have been misrepresented in our data.

Our methodology is largely in agreement with the methodology of the other rankings from past years by Sally Haslinger and Julie C. Van Camp. Sally Haslinger counted as “full time professor” those who are on tenure track (assistant, associate, full) and may have counted those who are adjuncts or lecturers as well as some affiliated professors as full time. We all refer to assistant, associate and full professors as “tenure track”. Finally, we follow Julie C. Van Camp in using pronouns and other common indicators of gender to determine gender, and also in following up individually to clarify ambiguous names.

Journal Methodology
For each of the authors in the data set, the author’s gender was inferred based on (1) their name, (2) their photograph or the pronouns used to describe them on university or personal websites, and/or (3) the author's self-report when contacted by the researchers. In cases where significant uncertainty remained after consulting (1), the researchers sought out (2). When significant uncertainty remained after consulting (1) and seeking out (2), the researchers attempted to contact the author. In cases of significant uncertainty where the author could not be contacted, the author was excluded from the data set. Also excluded were individuals who informed the researchers that they identify as neither men nor women. Finally, where there was a known discrepancy between (i) an author’s gender identity at the time a paper was accepted for publication, and (ii) the author’s gender identity at later point in time, our data reflects the former.

Inferring gender based on name or appearance will not be accurate in every case. We expect only that our classifications are accurate often enough to give a representative picture of the proportion of authors in philosophy journals who are women. We excluded authors whose gender we were not able to determine from the dataset. Authors who believe they may have been misclassified are encouraged to contact the researchers.

Other contributions besides (what we call) “normal articles” were reported separately and this included discussion pieces, symposia, articles in special or supplemental issues, literature reviews, and critical notices (but not book reviews, introductions to issues, or editorials, which were not recorded at all). We classified these issues separately because they are likely to differ from normal, full-length research articles in being invited contributions and/or involving different standards of peer review.

Journal-specific notes: (1) We did not include the very short articles marked as “critical notices” in Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, as they did not conform to our understanding of the category; namely, articles which are longer (and typically more substantive) than book reviews. (2) The last three articles in Erkenntnis volume 79, issue 5 supplement were classified as normal (not supplemental or special issue) articles, as that issue states that “The First Six Articles Belong to [a] Special Issue” — so apparently the last three do not. Contrariwise, the first set of articles in each of issues 5 and 6 (not supplemental issues) were classified as not being normal articles, as each issue had a subset of articles constituting a special issue. (3) At the last time data was collected (March 2016), Journal of Philosophy had not yet released issues 10-12 for 2015, and Journal of Philosophical Logic had not yet released issue 6.

Our methodology is largely in agreement with Schwitzgebel's and Jennings'. To examine temporal trends in visibility at the highest levels of prestige, they examined authorship rates over time in five elite journals. Three of the journals were Philosophical Review, Mind, andJournal of Philosophy, sometimes referred to as the “big three” general philosophy journals. All three have been regarded as leading journals since at least the early 20th century, and they tend to top informal polls of journal prestige, such as polls on the Leiter Reports blog, sometimes alongside relative newcomer Noûs (e.g. Leiter 2013, 2015). Since these journals publish proportionately less in ethics than in other areas of philosophy, they also included two elite ethics journals, Ethics andPhilosophy & Public Affairs, which tend to top polls of ethics journals (e.g. Bradley 2005, Leiter 2009), although Philosophy & Public Affairshas only been publishing since 1972.

In December 2014, Schwitzgebel and Jennings examined the names of all authors publishing articles, commentaries, or responses (but not book reviews, editorial remarks, or retrospectives), in four time periods: 1954/1955, 1974/1975, 1994/1995, and 2014/2015. (However, since not all 2015 issues of Philosophical Review and Journal of Philosophy had been released at the time of data collection, they went back into late 2013 for these two journals to have a full two-year sample.) All articles in Ethics and Philosophy & Public Affairs were coded as “ethics.” Articles in the other three were coded as either “ethics” or “non-ethics” depending on article title or a brief skim of the article contents when the title was ambiguous. Gender was coded based on first name or personal knowledge, or in cases of uncertainty a brief web search for gender-identifying information such as a gender-typical photo or references to the person as “him” or “her” in discussions of that person’s work. In only 11 cases out of 1202 were we unable to make a determination. We treated non-first-authors in the same manner as first authors, but only 53 out of 1143 articles (5%) had more than one author.

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